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实木家具哪种木材好?
来源:https://www.jnzxjjpf.com/ 时间:2021-11-07 浏览量:
松木:松木家具的用材主要有两种,一种是马尾松,一种是樟子松。马尾松纹理直或斜不匀,结构中至粗。缺点是干燥时翘裂较严重。不耐腐。油漆、胶接性能不良。握钉力强,相对来说作为木工板材在家具中应用较少,木工板的价格一般是同尺寸杉木集成板或大芯板的3倍左右。樟子松被广泛的运用为中档实木家具的用材,许多原木家具都采用松木。松木材质较强,纹理比较清晰,木质较好,相对于杉木,樟子松的木纹会更加漂亮一些,木结疤也比较少。
Pine: there are mainly two kinds of materials for pine furniture, one is masson pine and the other is Scotch pine. The texture of Pinus massoniana is straight or oblique and uneven, and the structure is medium to thick. The disadvantage is serious warping and cracking during drying. Not resistant to corrosion. Poor paint and bonding performance. The nail holding force is strong. Relatively speaking, as a woodworking board, it is less used in furniture. The price of woodworking board is generally about 3 times that of fir integrated board or large core board of the same size. Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica is widely used as the material of medium-grade solid wood furniture, and many log furniture use pine. Pine has strong material, clear texture and good wood. Compared with Chinese fir, the wood grain of Mongolian Scotch pine will be more beautiful and the wood scar is less.
橡木(白橡、红橡):橡木是俗称,真正橡木的学名叫做栎木,属于壳斗科、麻栎属,红橡叫做红麻栎,白橡叫做白麻栎,实际上红橡并不是真正的红色,而是木黄色偏粉红一些,白橡也不是白色的,而是浅黄色,这就造成了红橡白橡颜色区别并不是非常大,橡木特点是重硬、纹理直,结构粗,色泽淡雅纹理美观,力学强度相当高,耐磨损,但木材不易于干燥锯解和切削,同时如大面积采用变形程度大,橡木花纹也有直纹和横纹的区别,直纹比较好看,价格也稍贵一些。采用橡木要注意一点,很多用东南亚橡胶木冒充橡木,在买木材、家具时要注意。对于橡胶木,辨别方法是橡胶木有异味,易虫蛀和腐蚀。
Oak (white oak and red oak): oak is commonly known. The scientific name of real oak is oak. It belongs to Fagaceae and Quercus. Red oak is called kenaf oak and white oak is called white oak. In fact, red oak is not real red, but wood yellow is pink, and white oak is not white, but light yellow, which leads to the difference between red oak and white oak, Oak is characterized by heavy hardness, straight texture, coarse structure, elegant color, beautiful texture, quite high mechanical strength and wear resistance, but the wood is not easy to dry, sawn and cut. At the same time, if it is used in a large area, the oak pattern also has the difference between straight grain and horizontal grain. Straight grain is better and the price is slightly more expensive. Pay attention to the use of oak. Many use Southeast Asian rubber wood as oak. Pay attention when buying wood and furniture. For rubber wood, the identification method is that rubber wood has peculiar smell and is easy to be eaten and corroded.
柚木:柚木家具也是实木家具的一种,但它是顶级的家具用材高档家具。柚木本身材料具有不同等级。像老柚木这样的高等级的柚木家具表面油脂丰富,手感润滑感强;表面透出刨光面颜色是通过光合作用,氧化而成金黄色光泽;墨线细腻丰富。低等级的种植柚木色泽暗淡,缺少油润感,多为制作地板用材,所以柚木地板颜色普遍偏暗。市面上的柚木家具全柚木家具很少很少;绝大数只是柚木框架家具或者是贴的柚木皮,其他部分是实木但不是柚木,叫柚木全实木家具;还有些其他部分都是不是实木的是密度板的。柚木在日晒雨淋干湿变化较大的情况下不翘不裂;耐水、耐火性强;能抗白蚁和不同海域的海虫蛀食,极耐腐。干燥性能良好,胶粘、油漆、上蜡性能好,握钉力佳,综合性能良好,故为世界公认的名贵树种,享有万木之王的美誉。
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Teak: teak furniture is also a kind of solid wood furniture, but it is the top furniture material and high-grade furniture. Teak itself has different grades of materials. The surface of high-grade teak furniture like old teak is rich in oil and has a strong sense of lubrication; The color of the polished surface is golden yellow through photosynthesis and oxidation; Fine and rich ink lines. Low grade planted teak has dim color and lack of oily feeling. It is mostly used for making flooring, so the color of teak flooring is generally dark. Teak furniture on the market is very few; Most of them are teak frame furniture or teak peel pasted. Other parts are solid wood but not teak. They are called teak full solid wood furniture; Some other parts are not solid wood, but MDF. Teak does not warp or crack under the condition of great changes in drying and humidity in the sun and rain; Strong water resistance and fire resistance; It can resist termites and sea insects in different sea areas, and is extremely corrosion-resistant. It has good drying performance, good adhesive, paint and waxing performance, good nail holding force and good comprehensive performance. Therefore, it is recognized as a valuable tree species in the world and enjoys the reputation of the king of trees.
水曲柳:装饰面板中用的比例最大的就是水曲柳面板,之所以采用此种面板,与它的特性是分不开的,水曲柳学名白蜡木,属于木犀科梣属的一种木材,主要产地为我国东北、华北、俄罗斯等地,水曲柳最大的优点是在于它的纹路,水曲柳纹路美观清晰,如作为饰面板或是家具,刷清漆或刷白能够最大程度地体现出它美丽的花纹,适合于现代简约的风格,而且水曲柳面板还是价格较低的一种饰面板。缺点是如果作为实木家具,变形较大,所以水曲柳如果是做全实木,多用小木块拼接。 家具店里看到的水曲柳家具大多是主框架用水曲柳实木,大面积部分都是贴水曲柳实木皮的,就是因为水曲柳变形收缩大原因。
Fraxinus mandshurica: the largest proportion of decorative panels is Fraxinus mandshurica panel. The reason for using this panel is inseparable from its characteristics. Fraxinus mandshurica is a kind of wood belonging to ash of Oleaceae. It is mainly produced in Northeast China, North China, Russia and other places. The biggest advantage of Fraxinus mandshurica lies in its lines. The lines of Fraxinus mandshurica are beautiful and clear, For example, as a decorative panel or furniture, painting varnish or white can reflect its beautiful patterns to the greatest extent, which is suitable for modern and simple style, and Fraxinus mandshurica panel is a decorative panel with low price. The disadvantage is that if it is used as solid wood furniture, it will deform greatly, so if Fraxinus mandshurica is made of whole solid wood, it will be spliced with small wood blocks. Most of the Fraxinus mandshurica furniture seen in the furniture store are solid Fraxinus mandshurica wood in the main frame, and a large area is pasted with solid Fraxinus mandshurica wood skin, which is due to the large deformation and contraction of Fraxinus mandshurica.
橡胶木:橡胶木是东南亚的胶农割完树胶之后的老材砍伐后用来制作建材和家具的,生长周期不长,因此橡胶木家具价格并不昂贵;这种木材在北方干燥地区不容易开裂,保养容易;橡胶木在制作家具过程中的可塑性不错,因此可以适合制作造型优美,曲线柔和的产品;橡胶木实木质感好,纹理优美、质地均匀;色泽浅,容易着色、能接受所有类型颜色的染色和涂料,易与别种木材的颜色基调相配合,油漆涂装性能好;硬度好,天然高强度的耐磨性能,特别适用于楼梯,地板、桌子、台面等。橡胶木不容易干燥,容易弯曲变形,木材加工易,而板材加工易变形。
Rubber wood: rubber wood is used to make building materials and furniture after rubber farmers in Southeast Asia cut gum. Its growth cycle is not long, so the price of rubber wood furniture is not expensive; This kind of wood is not easy to crack and easy to maintain in dry areas in the north; Rubber wood has good plasticity in the process of making furniture, so it can be suitable for making products with beautiful shape and soft curve; Rubber wood solid wood has good texture, beautiful texture and uniform texture; Light color, easy to color, can accept all types of color dyeing and coating, easy to match with the color tone of other kinds of wood, and good paint coating performance; Good hardness, natural high-strength wear resistance, especially suitable for stairs, floors, tables, countertops, etc. Rubber wood is not easy to dry, easy to bend and deform, wood processing is easy, and plate processing is easy to deform.
榆木:榆木疙瘩是形容人不开窍,难解难伐之意。从这个词语我们可以就看出榆木的一些性能,榆木材幅宽大,质地温存优良;变形率小,木性坚韧,纹理通达清晰,硬度与强度适中,适宜雕刻,刨面光滑,弦面花纹美丽,有鸡翅木的花纹,可供家具、装修等用。榆木做的家具纹理粗犷,风格质朴。而且榆木性价比高,一张中式仿古全榆木原木餐桌包括6张椅子在3000-4000元左右。
Elm: elm bumps describe people who are not enlightened and difficult to solve. From this word, we can see some properties of elm. Elm has a wide width and good texture; Small deformation rate, tough wood, clear texture, moderate hardness and strength, suitable for carving, smooth planed surface, beautiful chord pattern, with chicken wing wood pattern, which can be used for furniture and decoration. Furniture made of elm has rough texture and simple style. Moreover, elm has high cost performance. A Chinese antique all elm log dining table, including 6 chairs, is about 3000-4000 yuan.
核桃木:俗称胡桃木,是世界上深受人们喜爱的珍贵木材之一,特别在欧洲国家,核桃木、桃花芯木、橡木并称三大名贵木材。高端欧式家具多采用这几种木材,但在我们国家,核桃木地位不像在欧洲那么显赫。核桃木硬度中等至略硬重,纤维结构细而均匀,有较强韧性,特别是在抗震动、抗磨损方面性能优良,具有一定的耐弯曲、耐腐蚀性。我国产的核桃木树种主要有核桃和核桃楸两种,核桃木家具几乎是山西独有的家具,尽管其他地区也有发现,但都没有山西地区那么集中、那么优秀。南方看到的核桃木一般都是进口的,不同地方产的胡桃木价格差距极大,大家要看清楚。
Walnut: commonly known as walnut, it is one of the precious woods loved by people in the world. Especially in European countries, walnut, mahogany and oak are called three precious woods. High end European furniture mostly uses these kinds of wood, but in our country, walnut is not as prominent as in Europe. Walnut has medium to slightly hard hardness, fine and uniform fiber structure, strong toughness, excellent performance in vibration and wear resistance, and certain bending and corrosion resistance. China's domestic walnut tree species mainly include walnut and walnut catalpa. Walnut furniture is almost unique to Shanxi. Although it has been found in other regions, it is not as concentrated and excellent as Shanxi. Walnut wood seen in the south is generally imported. The price difference of walnut wood produced in different places is great. We should see it clearly.
榉木:也称椐木,木材质坚致,纹理美观,可供建筑及器物用材。榉木分为很多种,其中心材为红褐色特名为血榉,有的榉木有天然美丽的大花纹,色彩酷似花梨木。中国古代有北榆南榉之说,指的是北方家具主要用榆木,南方家具用榉木,因此,榆木和榉木都是过去打造家具的良材,可作为床、桌、柜等。榉木也可以作为饰面板,红榉饰面板不少人装修都有采用。
Beech: also known as wood, the wood material is firm and beautiful. It can be used for buildings and utensils. Beech is divided into many kinds, of which the heartwood is reddish brown, especially called blood beech. Some beech have natural and beautiful large patterns, and the color is similar to rosewood. In ancient China, there was the saying of "North Elm and South beech", which means that elm is mainly used for furniture in the north and beech is used for furniture in the south. Therefore, elm and beech are good materials for making furniture in the past, and can be used as beds, tables, cabinets, etc. Beech can also be used as a decorative panel. Many people use red beech decorative panel for decoration.
柏木:柏木家具的材质本身还是有一些优势的,木材光泽强,柏木香气浓,生长轮明显,黄色条纹明显,用它做的家具质感比较好,也比较的美观。而且柏木本身就带有一定的医药作用,所以对人体还是很有好处的。柏木家具密度比较大,遇水不易腐烂,防臭防霉,一般的柏木家具都至少用三四十年。柏木家具木质的表面的疤痕比较多,好的生产厂家处理的好的话就没有影响,处理不好的话就会比较影响档次;柏木家具木质含有比较多的油脂,所以比较滋生虫害;柏木家具一般也比较沉重,不易搬动,造型也比较简单古朴,年轻人不是很喜欢。
Cypress: the material of cypress furniture still has some advantages. The wood has strong luster, strong cypress aroma, obvious growth ring and obvious yellow stripes. The furniture made with it has good texture and beautiful appearance. And cypress itself has a certain medical effect, so it is still very good for human body. The density of cypress furniture is relatively large. It is not easy to rot in case of water. It is odor and mildew proof. General cypress furniture has been used for at least thirty or forty years. There are many scars on the wooden surface of cypress furniture. If it is handled well by a good manufacturer, it will not affect the grade. If it is not handled well, it will affect the grade; Cypress furniture contains more oil, so it breeds pests; Cypress furniture is generally heavy, not easy to move, and the shape is simple and simple. Young people don't like it very much.
桦木:桦木做的家具易加工,抗用,切面光滑,油漆和胶合性能好。桦木的树皮也比较柔韧美丽。大部分厂家喜欢把桦木作为其它家具的芯材或者作为镶花材料。桦木家具的纤维抗剪力差,容易齐茬断,桦木其根部及节结处多有花纹,吸湿性也比较大,干燥时易开裂翘曲,不耐磨。由于桦木本身多汁,所以居住地方稍微潮湿的地方要慎用,还要注意避免其暴晒出现家具开裂的现象。
Birch: birch furniture is easy to process, resistant to use, smooth section, good paint and gluing performance. The bark of birch is also flexible and beautiful. Most manufacturers like to use birch as the core material of other furniture or as flower setting material. The fiber of birch furniture has poor shear resistance and is easy to break. Birch has many patterns at its roots and knots, and has high moisture absorption. It is easy to crack and warp when dry, and is not wear-resistant. Because birch itself is juicy, it should be used with caution in slightly humid places, and pay attention to avoid furniture cracking due to its exposure to the sun.
泡桐木:耐磨损,桐木具有耐腐烂耐酸碱的特有的特点,不易磨损,所以衣柜用起来很耐用的。纹理美观色泽鲜艳,桐材有一种优美、细腻的纹理,自然图案特好,做的衣柜显的外观好看。易雕刻染色,桐木不易劈裂但木质软,易加工,易雕刻,易染色。衣柜的话,可以在其门板上刻以各式各样的花纹,增加其装饰性。另外还具有不透烟、隔潮、不易虫蛀等优点。桐木家具的缺点是没有大材,桐木主要的缺点应该没有大的板材,大家都知道,桐木中间都是空心的,所以只能是拼板,然后贴木皮的或者是加工成细木工板来做家具,跟一般的实木家具感觉不一样。质感太轻桐木家具质感非常轻,不符合中国人的价值观念,中国人喜欢一些重一些的木材做家具。
Paulownia: wear resistant. Paulownia has the unique characteristics of rot resistance, acid and alkali resistance and is not easy to wear, so the wardrobe is very durable. The texture is beautiful and the color is bright. The Tung wood has a beautiful and delicate texture. The natural pattern is very good, and the wardrobe looks good. Easy to carve and dye, Tung wood is not easy to split, but the wood is soft, easy to process, easy to carve and easy to dye. For the wardrobe, various patterns can be engraved on its door panel to increase its decoration. In addition, it also has the advantages of smoke impermeability, moisture resistance and not easy to be eaten by insects. The disadvantage of Tongmu furniture is that there is no big wood. The main disadvantage of Tongmu is that there should be no big plate. As we all know, Tongmu is hollow in the middle, so it can only be made of panels, and then pasted with wood veneer or processed into joinery board to make furniture. It feels different from general solid wood furniture. The texture is too light. The texture of Tung wood furniture is very light, which is not in line with the values of the Chinese people. The Chinese people like some heavy wood to make furniture.
红木:所谓红木,从一开始,就不是某一特定树种的家具,而是明清以来对稀有硬木优质家具的统称。红木家具的优点:颜色较深,多体现出古香古色的风格,用于传统家具;木质较重,给人感觉质量不错;一般木材本身都有自身所散发出的香味,尤其是檀木;材质较硬,强度高,耐磨,耐久性好。缺点:因为产量较少,所以很难有优质树种,质量参差不齐;纹路与年轮不清晰,视觉效果不够清新;材质较重,不容易搬运;材质较硬,加工难度高,而且容易出现开裂的现象;材质比较油腻,高温下容易返油。
Mahogany: the so-called mahogany is not the furniture of a specific tree species from the beginning, but the general name of rare hardwood high-quality furniture since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Advantages of mahogany furniture: the color is darker and reflects the antique style, which is used for traditional furniture; The wood is heavy, giving people the feeling of good quality; General wood itself has its own fragrance, especially sandalwood; Hard material, high strength, wear resistance and good durability. Disadvantages: because the yield is small, it is difficult to have high-quality tree species with uneven quality; The lines and rings are not clear, and the visual effect is not fresh enough; The material is heavy and difficult to handle; The material is hard, the processing is difficult, and it is easy to crack; The material is greasy and easy to return oil at high temperature.
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